The Canterbury Tales: "The Pardoner’s Tale" and Death

Death is often a subject in the works of many great authors. Some personify it and address it directly, others use it as a symbol of endings or the macabre, and still others use it as a general theme throughout. Regardless of how it is used, death is a common subject. Chaucer uses this subject, as well, but skillfully weaves all three characteristics together in one short story. In “The Pardoner’s Tale” by Geoffrey Chaucer, the Pardoner portrays death as a character, symbolism, and a theme to support his sermons about sin.

Death is used as a theme throughout “The Pardoner’s Tale.” From the beginning, death is introduced when a funeral procession carrying a corpse goes by outside the tavern. The three rioters wonder who it is, and one asks a servant, “What cors is this that passeth heer forby” (668). The boy lets them know it is the body of one of their friends, slain by Death (672-677). The sudden death of the friend shows how even a man living high on life can die suddenly. Even an entire village can be wiped out as referenced in lines 686 through 688. No one is safe from eventually dying. A further reference to death in the story is from the old man the rioters come upon while searching. He wants to die, and dramatically claims he knocks on the earth, praying, “Leeve Mooder! Leet me in!” (731), but he still lives on despite his old age. The three young men continue on, and eventually succumb to death as well. From the corpse being carried by, to the final death of the three rioters, it is obvious that death eventually comes to all. Through the Pardoner’s sermons, it seems he feels this statement is true due to the sins man allows himself to live.

The Pardoner interrupts his story with a sermon on the vices of gluttony, drunkenness, gambling, and swearing. In each, he continues the theme of death by alluding to it in regards to each sin. Gluttony is a sin of over indulgence, where the Pardoner focuses on gluttony of food. The stomach and meat are referenced in the sermon, supposedly in a quote of the apostle Paul: “‘Mete unto wombe and wombe eek unto mete:/God destroyen bothe,'” (522-523) stressing that both the stomach and meat are destroyed by God. Even before they are destroyed this way, “he that haunteth swiche delices/Is deed whil that he lyveth in tho vices,” (547-548) meaning those that go to excess might as well be dead as long as they live that way. Connections to death are also made regarding drunkenness as the Pardoner tells about Attila the Hun and his death, saying he was found “Deyde in his sleepe with shame and dishonour,/Bledynge ay at his nose in dronkenesse” (579-580), so his excess of drinking led to his death. The references to death in regards to gambling and swearing are less intense, but still present by alluding to gambling being the “verray mooder” of several sins including manslaughter (591-593), and claims that “homycide” (657) is a “fruyt” (656) of swearing and false oaths. All these are warnings told by the Pardoner in The Canterbury Tales to his traveling campanions, supported by the actions of the young men in the story.

Just as the Pardoner warns of death in connection to these sins, the young men are warned repeatedly of the consequences of their actions in searching out Death. The barman tells them Death “in this contree al the peple sleeth” (676), letting them know that every killing is attributed to Death. No one in the country is excepted. The barman goes on to tell them he feels “it were necessarie/For to bewar of swich an adversarie” (681-682) and that “to been avysed greet wysdom it were,/Er that [Deeth] dide a man a dishonour” (690-691). All this is meant to encourage the rioters to be careful since Death can come to anyone, at any time, for Death is the greatest adversary and thief in all existence. This warning did not affect them, and they rode out. When they encounter the old man on the road and pester him to tell them where to find Death, he also warns them by beseeching, “God save yow” (766); he knows that since they have decided to find Death, only God can save them. Throughout this theme, Chaucer uses death also as symbolism in many ways.

Death is the end to all life, and the symbolism of death in “The Pardoner’s Tale” represents endings, as well. Death symbolizes a fear of an early death which all people share. The servant questioned about the corpse says he was taught by his mother to “beth redy for to meete hym everemoore” (683), because one must always be prepared for death since it can come at any time. The corpse is a strong reminder of that and a direct symbol of unexpected death as he was “yslayn [that nyght]./For dronke as he sat on his bench upright” (673-674), dead while partying that very night, in the prime of life. His life and his drinking end by Death. Just as death ended his life, it is also a strong symbol for the end to the men’s rioting. They leave the tavern to search out Death, just as many people will end their sinful habits when they know death will be coming soon. The difference here is the rioters are actually searching Death out instead of waiting. They end their search when they find the gold, “No lenger thanne after Deeth they soughte” (772), and forget their oath as their greed takes over. Not only does the end of their search represent the death of their oath, but they also find their own death once they end their search: “Thus ended been thise homycides two/And eek the false empoysonere also” (893-894). Death is truly a symbol of endings. Other than death being a symbol itself, there are several elements in the story that symbolize death, as well.

Objects or actions can be symbols of death, either in their significance to it or in their meanings. One direct symbol of death is the gold the rioters find under the oak tree. Not only does the old man tell them specifically they would find Death under that tree (765), but it also symbolizes greed, which the Pardoner expresses is the mother of manslaughter in his sermon on gambling, which can be considered an extension on greed for money or gold. Through this, the money is a symbol of the deaths soon coming to the three young men. The methods of death are also symbols for the sins they commit. One dies by the other two betraying and murdering him for the gold. This death is very appropriate as all three make an oath, “ech of us bicomen otheres brother” (698), to become brothers in their search for Death. When he decides to poison them so he can take all the gold for himself, he betrays his comrades. Satan considers this permission to toy with the man and make him suffer, “the feend foond hym in swich lyvynge/That he hadde leve hym to sorwe brynge” (847-848). Since he betrays in his life, he is killed by betrayal. The symbolism in the deaths of the other two is a different kind, explained by the Pardoner during his lecture on drunkenness, “For dronkenesse is verray sepulture” (558), meaning drunkenness is the true tomb. In the sermon, it is considered the true tomb of man’s wit and discretion, but in the case of the two murderers, it becomes the cause of their death. They drink the win the first had poisoned to kill them and are thus killed by their love of wine. All three of these are symbols of death by being sins that cause death in spirit in the church’s teachings, and death in body for the characters in the story. In clearly connecting the sins to death in his story, the Pardoner turns his tale into a parable encompassing all the sins he views as the most dangerous and least loved by God. Having such a strong example or symbol of how the sins and death are connected strengthens his claims in his sermons. The last symbol of death in “The Pardoner’s Tale” is the old man himself.

The old man the rioters come by in the story is a direct personification of death. He tells the young men, “I knokke with my staf bothe erly and late” (730), describing how death is everywhere at all times. He never rests, day or night. He also says, “moot I han myn age stille,/as longe tyme as it is Goddes will” (725-726), explaining that he must keep his old age for as long as it is God’s will for him to do so. Death is not in control of his own time, but merely continues on as God decrees for all time. He gives veiled references to the underworld when he claims the earth is his “moodres gate” (729). Someone doing the will of the underworld would claim the earth as his mother’s door, which is opened up when a grave is dug to bury the dead. He even threatens the young men, suggesting they might not live as long as he has with a reference of, “if that ye so longe abyde” (747). After telling about himself, he begs leave to go about his way, claiming, “I moot go thider as I have to go” (749), because regardless of what is going on, he must go where he must go to do God’s will. His speech isn’t lost completely on the young men, because they consider him connected with Death. They claim he is his spy (755) and say, “thou art oon of his assent/To sleen us yonge folk” (758-759), accusing him of being in league with Death to kill the young. The barman and servant boy had warned them that Death was a very powerful thief of lives, but they don’t listen to such warnings, and so fail to recognize the entreaty for God to save them as a warning.

In the story, death is personified as a “privee theef men clepeth Deeth” (675), known to all as a powerful and sneaky thief of lives. The barman explains to the rioters that Death is powerful enough to claim an entire town, “Bothe man and womman, child and hyne and page” (688), but the young men refuse to listen. They set out to confront Death personally, thinking to avenge their friend and the townsfolk. They make the combined oath, “we wol sleen this false traytour, Deeth!” (699), and travel to find and kill Death. If they had been told simply that their friend had died of a heart attack, instead of being killed by a sneaky thief with a spear, they would not have set out to destroy such an all powerful thief. However, personifying death into a thief called Death that steals all lives in the country gives the rioters something to pursue in their drunken state. This personification and the resulting search, gives a more solid feeling to the concept of death. When a fact is ethereal in nature, many will dismiss it as though it is as inconsequential as it is insubstantial. In characterizing death as a real character, the Pardoner is making the subject substantial and more of a real threat to his companions. More people will prepare their lives and homes for thieves than for death. Making the two one and the same forces the companions to consider the consequences of ignoring death and the possibility of the end of their lives.

By portraying death as a theme, symbolism, and as a flesh and blood character, the Pardoner strengthens his arguments made in his sermons on sin and encourages his companions to consider preparations for death and avoidance of sin more carefully. His connections in the story back up his lectures. His reasoning for this is made apparent, if they weren’t already, when he ends his story and encourages the other pilgrims to come to him to pardon their sins “for a grote” (945), or for a groat which was a fourpenny coin. He reminds them that at any moment, any one of them might fall off his or her horse and break his or her neck. With that in mind, he tells them it is a good thing he is among them since he has his relics they may kiss for blessings, and pardons signed by the Pope himself (920-922). Having just told them a story about death and the sins that could lead to death, especially greed, he asks they open their purses to absolve themselves of sin through his pardons so they may die, if they die while on the pilgrimage, with a clean soul and a clear conscience. The host does not buy in to the Pardoner’s trick, but tells him he will help him carry his relics so can “be shryned in an hogges toord” (955). Though it is an appropriate response to the Pardoner’s attempt at selling his admittedly fake artifacts, it does not give appropriate tribute to the extent of finesse shown in the tale.

Learn Chords to House of the Rising Sun

It is always nice to know where these tunes come from and also what their lyrics mean. The House of the Rising Sun is a folk song from the United States. Occasionally called Rising Sun Blues, it tells of a life gone wrong in New Orleans. I used to think that they were talking of drugs, now I see that it was just gambling. Depending on the version, the song may be sung from the perspective of a woman or a man.

The songs origins are somewhat curious though. Was there ever really such a place in New Orleans that inspired the lyrics to this song? I guess it depends on whom you ask. The song most definitely relates the story of a young boy led into a life of misery at a house of prostitution or gambling in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA.

Two of the best-known renditions of the song are by the English group The Animals in 1964, which was a number one hit in both the United States and United Kingdom. The earliest recorded version dates back to 1932 by Clarence (Tom) Ashley as Rising Sun Blues, and it was recorded again in 1934 by The Callahan Brothers as Rounders Luck. With the evolution of folk music in the 1940s and 1950s, the song went through numerous incarnations, by such notable singers as Josh White, Huddie (Leadbelly) Ledbetter, Pete Seeger and Woodie Guthrie. As the 1960s rolled around, both Joan Baez and Bob Dylan made a stab at recording the song.

This 70s classic and has a nice progression for strumming and finger picking as well. On the piano, you can arpeggiate the chords.

In this song, it is easy to find those bass notes for each chord. Also you can do some variations on those bass lines. Play with them and see what suits you best.

l Am C l D F l Am C l E E l

l Am C l D F l Am E l Am Am l

Look at how many views of this song:

http://youtube.com/watch?v=pRV9QCXLtHQ

A staple of classic rock and oldies radio stations, The song, House of the Rising Sun, is a staple of classic rock and oldies radio stations, for sure. Now it is your time to play it! – LadyD

Best Climate Ever For Lotto Winners

Lotto winners are people who have not allowed gloom and doom about the lotto obstacles to affect them even one iota. They rarely express a negative thought, which should not surprise anyone. This positive approach to the life and lotto is largely responsible for their success. Perhaps you would be interested in what they are doing to be successful. I will tell you their secret right now They work hard on past draws of their lotto system. This procedure makes a lot of sense because you get quickly to the heart of lotto problem. The ultimate your goal will be to identify the lotto winning numbers for the next draw.

They also possess the quality of being efficient. Efficiency has different meanings. Accuracy and quality, speed and easy of performance are important ones. These meanings of efficiency do not merely stand for some ultimate kind of efficiency which lies behind them. They are themselves real efficiencies and truly capabilities. For one who needs mere a day-dream to satisfy in part some unfulfilled desire is easier to utilize a conventional way of playing lotto because he/she will continue to dream even at a lotto store. With all the respect for these people such thinking manner does not uncover the reality and the truth, nor does it rise to new heights, nor with one of legitimate impulse. With all the respect for these people they will never be the lotto winners.

Please look and compare with the below example. This man has a mountain in front of his house. Evidently, it blocks his view to the sea. Look at his ” efficiency” and laugh a bit.. He thought to throw the mountain in the sea by praying. But the mountain had remained there. He prayed again and again. But the mountain was still there. Then this man thought “I have not luck”. If you are only hoping, eventually praying, but are doing nothing for winning the lottery, you will not win. Lotto winners are always involved in their lotto process. They are active people. They are motivated people. Oh! It would be quite impossible to list all of the motives which are capable of affecting human efficiency.

Lotto winners think the right thoughts because they know that the right thoughts lead to the right result they are looking for. I challenge you to take some time out in your busy life to think positively about lotto system. And please make a plan for winning the lottery. And think about changing your old and inefficient style of playing lotto.

Winning Poker Lessons From Warren Buffett

Dear Poker Player,

Warren Buffett is one smart dude. And RICH.

He’s the second richest man in the WORLD… right behind

Bill Gates. Forbes estimates that his net worth is $40

BILLION.

(How’s THAT for a bankroll?)

What’s interesting about Buffett is that he made his fortune

over a LONGGG period of time… by consistently beating the

stock market year after year after year.

He wasn’t one of those “overnight” dot-com billionaires.

He wasn’t “lucky” to be in the right place at the right

time.

He didn’t “invent” some new technology that changed the

world.

Nope… all he did was invest and “pick winners” over and

over. Since taking control of Berkshire 40 years ago,

Buffett has delivered a compound annual return of 22%.

AND JUST BY DOING THAT, he became the 2nd richest man alive.

OK– so why am I rambling on about 75-year old man who’s

good at investing?

The reason is because I’ve realized that there are DOZENS of

important parallels between the STOCK MARKET and POKER.

Here are just a few:

* The stock market is often considered “gambling”, due to

its unpredictable nature… just as POKER is often

considered gambling, even though it’s a SKILL game.

* The stock market has a heavy emphasis on odds and

mathematics… just like poker.

* The stock market is predominately a male-driven

industry… just like poker.

* The stock market has PLENTY of up’s and down’s, and

“streaks”… just like poker.

* And so on.

Of course, these are “surface” similarities.

Now think about the PSYCHOLOGY of poker and the stock

market… and how they’re often EXACTLY THE SAME:

* In the stock market, everyone dreams of buying that one

MIRACLE STOCK that will go from $2 to $200 and make them

rich…

In poker, everyone has their “pipe dream” of winning a huge

million-dollar tournament on ESPN.

* When a stock tanks, most investors FREAK OUT and

immediately make several bad investment decisions in a row.

It’s usually THESE decisions that hurt them the most.

In poker, this is known as “tilt”. Bad beats cause some

damage… but it’s usually the decisions you make AFTER the

bad beats that cause you to lose the game.

* Believe it or not, most stock investors come out on the

LOSING END over time… even though the market has

historically gone UP year after year.

Most poker players end up losing over time also, despite all

the “fish” out there to prey on.

* And so on.

OK, so you get the idea.

Lately I’ve been reading a lot of books about the stock

market… and especially about Warren Buffett. (Hell, I need

somewhere to invest all these poker winnings!)

Anyway, here’s what’s REALLY interesting:

Warren Buffett’s INVESTMENT APPROACH is almost identical to

the POKER STRATEGY I use every day.

And it’s the SAME approach used by top poker pros to

consistently win tournaments and ring games…

Interesting, huh?

Of course, it makes sense when you think about it.

If poker and investing are similar, then the guys who beat

the STOCK MARKET probably use the same techniques as the

guys who win at POKER.

And who better to learn poker from than the “KING” of the

stock market… and the 2nd richest man in the world?

*** WARREN BUFFETT’S WINNING APPROACH ***

Warren Buffett operates on PRINCIPLES. He doesn’t get caught

up in “hype” or emotion.

Below are the five MOST IMPORTANT principles that he follows… and how they relate to your poker game.

PRINCIPLE 1: PATIENCE IS KEY.

Patience, patience, patience!

It’s the number one mistake that causes most poker players

to lose… and it’s one of the “secrets” to Buffett’s 22%

annual returns.

Warren Buffett does not make an investment unless he is

absolutely 100% confident that it will make him money.

That means he PASSES UP a lot of great investment

opportunities.

Warren Buffett has said “no” to stocks that ended up

increasing by 10,000%!

But more importantly… he’s passed up all those other

stocks that LOOKED GOOD, but PLUMMETED later.

The problem is, us human beings are addicted to ACTION and

MOVEMENT and EXCITEMENT. We don’t want to just sit around

and WAIT.

But that’s EXACTLY what Buffett does…

He waits.

And waits.

And waits.

He KNOWS that sooner or later, a GREAT opportunity will come

up… and then he’ll jump on it.

It’s the same way with poker.

You’ve GOT to be patient. We all want to “get in there” and

make strong bets… bluff out opponents… and take down

lots of pots. We want ACTION.

BUT THAT’S NOT HOW YOU DO IT.

You’ve got to sit back… be patient… and WAIT.

Wait for good cards.

Wait for the PERFECT time to bust the manic at the table.

Wait for the PERFECT time to steal the blinds.

Wait for the PERFECT time to bluff out an opponent.

Wait for the PERFECT time to go all-in.

And then when you DO make a move…

PRINCIPLE 2: MAINTAIN A “LOW TURNOVER” PORTFOLIO OF JUST A

FEW STOCKS.

Buffett insists on keeping 10-20% turnover with his

portfolio. This means he generally holds onto a stock for

5-10 years… AT LEAST.

This is obviously OPPOSITE of how most investors do it. Most

investors are checking the tickers every HOUR– watching for

the slightest indication of movement or news.

More importantly… Buffett only invests in a FEW STOCKS AT

A TIME.

Now THIS is crucial, because it goes against everything

you’ve ever learned.

Growing up, you probably heard this advice a lot:

“Never put all your eggs in one basket.”

Right?

Well, Warren Buffett does the OPPOSITE.

He puts all his eggs in one basket… but… he chooses that

basket VERY CAREFULLY!

You see, Buffett believes that if you’ve done your homework

and you’re confident in your decision, there’s NO NEED to

“diversify”.

In fact, he believes this is the ONLY REAL WAY to get rich

in the stock market. Because if you buy LOTS of stocks, some

are doomed to go down… and that will hurt your gains.

Now think how this relates to poker.

In poker, most players risk money on LOTS of pots, and try

to get the best odds for each one… maybe 55%, 60%, and the

OCCASIONAL 70% or higher.

What PROFESSIONAL poker players do is only play those

OCCASIONAL pots with the best odds.

BUT, they risk more chips when they do it…

So instead of risking 20% of your chip stack five times…

you want to risk 90% of your chip stack ONE time. But you

choose that time VERY CAREFULLY!

For instance, let’s say the “average” poker player enters

three pots where he feels the odds are in his favor.

The three pots go like this:

1.) He risks 1000 in chips with 60% odds.

2.) He risks 1000 in chips with 50% odds.

3.) He risks 1000 in chips with 60% odds.

Now… MATHEMATICALLY speaking… there are EIGHT different

ways these scenarios can go. They are as follows (a win is

designated with “W” and a loss with “L”):

1.) W-W-W

2.) W-W-L

3.) W-L-W

4.) W-L-L

5.) L-W-W

6.) L-W-L

7.) L-L-W

8.) L-L-L

If he wins all three, he ends up with 3000 chips in profit.

If he wins two but loses one, he ends up with just 1000

chips in profit.

If he LOSES two but wins one, he ends up with 1000 chips in

losses.

And he if loses all three, he loses 3000 chips total.

Get it?

Now let me share with you the PERCENTAGES of the above

scenarios.

Watch out, this may surprise you.

If you were to play three pots as described above and risk

1000 chips for each one, and do this exercise 100 times,

here’s what would happen:

18% of the time you’d win 3,000 chips total.

42% of the time you’d win 1,000 chips total.

32% of the time you’d lose 1,000 chips total.

8% of the time you’d lose 3,000 chips total.

Your “net average” would be to PROFIT 400 CHIPS.

OK… that’s the “normal” approach.

Now let’s look at the WARREN BUFFETT approach.

Let’s say you entered just ONE pot and risked 3000 chips

(instead of 1000) with 70% odds in your favor.

Now watch what happens:

70% of the time you’d win 3,000 chips total.

30% of the time you’d lose 3,000 chips total.

Your “net average” would be to PROFIT 1200 CHIPS.

That’s TRIPLE the results over time!

The key is to get BETTER ODDS and RISK MORE.

I better interject here that I do NOT recommend being one of

those players who just sits back, waits for the “nuts”, and

then goes all-in.

Not even close.

In fact, if you’ve read my newsletters you know that I’m a

very aggressive player who loves to push action.

The KEY is that I BUILD THIS IMAGE through techniques based

on feeler bets, positioning, and sensing weakness.

AND WHEN THE RIGHT OPPORTUNITY COMES ALONG, I RISK AS MANY

CHIPS AS I CAN!

I know that when the odds are heavily in my favor, it’s time

to put my eggs in one basket and go for it…

PRINCIPLE 3: THE STOCK MARKET IS NOT ALWAYS RATIONAL OR

“EFFICIENT”.

There’s a popular stock market concept called, “Efficient

Market Theory” (EMT).

Most of the world’s leading business schools teach this

widely-accepted concept.

However…

Warren Buffett says that the EMT is a bunch of hogwash!

He’s actually gone on record saying that part of him LOVES

the fact that business schools teach this theory: It makes

things easier on him because his competition doesn’t know

what they’re doing!

Now… I’m not going to argue whether the theory is right or

wrong. It doesn’t matter for our discussion here.

What I find intriguing is what Buffett believes IS true

about the stock market…

You see, the EMT basically says that the stock market is

“efficient” in its pricing… and that most buy/sell

behavior is “rational”.

Buffett disagrees. He is CONSTANTLY scouting for

opportunities where he thinks the market is acting in an

IRRATIONAL manner… and then he jumps on the chance to buy

an under-priced stock.

In other words, a core part of his investment philosophy is

that the stock market is NOT efficient… and that there’s

always room to grow your “bankroll” when others act

irrationally.

It’s the same with poker.

When you’re playing Texas Holdem, you want to spot the

“sucker” at the table… the guy who is making IRRATIONAL

decisions.

This doesn’t only apply to amateurs, either. Even PROS have

“irrational” habits, tells, and “tilt” behavior.

Your OPPONENTS will open up millions of “profit

opportunities” for you… if you just watch closely.

And that brings us to the next principle:

PRINCIPLE 4: FOCUS ON THE VALUE OF THE BUSINESS, NOT THE

PRICE OF THE STOCK.

This one has almost a direct translation to poker:

FOCUS ON THE PLAYERS, NOT THE CARDS.

You’re not playing poker against the house… you’re playing

against your opponents.

With the stock market, everyone is always looking at the

PRICE of a stock to determine if it’s worth buying or

selling.

Buffett actually doesn’t even look at the price until LAST.

What he looks at is the VALUE OF THE BUSINESS.

He only invests in top-notch businesses that meet specific

conditions. He wants a business with strong growth prospects

LONG TERM, good management, and stable numbers.

Once he finds a business that meets these criteria, THEN he

looks at the price.

When the cards come out, what’s the first thing you’re

thinking about? What are you looking at?

You should be thinking about your OPPONENTS… the

POSITIONING at the table… the BETTING HABITS you’ve picked

up in the last few hands… and your opponents’ FACES as

they look at their cards.

THEN when the action comes to you and it’s YOUR TURN, you

should peek to see what you’re holding.

Opponents first, cards second.

PRINCIPLE 5: DEMAND A MARGIN OF SAFETY FOR EVERY PURCHASE.

Warren Buffett is actually a very “conservative” investor,

as are most poker professionals. He’ll only buy stocks that

he feels are practically “guaranteed” to go up.

You should demand a “margin of safety” on every hand you

play. This is actually much easier than it sounds.

Some of your tactics should include:

* Avoiding heads-up situations with players who have more

chips, and instead favoring those with fewer chips. (That

way if you go all-in and lose, you can still be in the

game.)

* Buying pots and bluffing when you have good positioning.

(That way you can get a read on your opponent and escape if

things go bad.)

* Only “chasing” draws when the pot odds are CONSIDERABLY in

your favor. (That way you end up way ahead over time.)

* And so on.

*** PLAY POKER LIKE WARREN BUFFETT ***

Perhaps the MOST IMPORTANT lesson I’ve learned from Warren

Buffett is to NEVER FEAR doing the “unpopular” thing.

His career PROVES that “going against the grain” is often

the BEST choice.

He doesn’t live by what others do… he operates on GUIDING

PRINCIPLES that “win” over time.

Whether it’s ways to leverage table positioning, tactics for

defeating common opponent styles, techniques for “stealing

the button”, or figuring out the right times to bluff…

…You’ve got to first learn the POKER PRINCIPLES. And then

you need the GUTS to stick to them.

So where do you learn these principles?

The best place to start is by joining my free Poker Tips

email newsletter. It’s jam-packed with Texas Holem tactics

and secrets that you can INSTANTLY use to increase your

winnings.

Join now, and your first issue will include this free

report:

“Avoid These Costly Mistakes When Playing Texas Holdem”

Inside you’ll learn the 10 most dangerous mistakes most

poker players make… and HOW YOU CAN AVOID THEM.

Talk to you soon.

Your New Friend,

Roy Rounder

Finders Keepers Losers Weepers – Relationship Advice

One of the most successful dating hints is “Lose the Losers”. I know it sounds somewhat rude and cruel, but its dating and we are not here for charity purposes. We are fully aware that each individual has value, but in matters of life and relationships, we should go a step beyond just being a “nice” person. Frankly you don’t owe your date anything, not even a second date. Sex is definitely out. Perhaps a few kind words and some kinder gestures. That’s all there is between you and the date. At least for the moment.

At this stage, let me clarify one important issue. We are not referring to “Losers” as opposites of “Winners”. We refer to them as Losers and Keepers. There are plenty of dates who are keepers, till they fail to meet your expectations. Others are simply losers. Losers, more often than not are glorious people, but then so are you. The crux is he/she the right person for you. Try and look and dating as a harmless gambling expedition, you win some, you lose some.

The first problem starts when one of the couple feel obligated to the other person. It can happen when the man spends a lot of money in gifts and enjoyment, the woman feels obligated to have sex with him. If the man is kind, gentle and well-mannered, the woman feels obligated to go out for a second date with him.

This is where the mismatch starts. You must find enough reasons to see your date, but don’t be “obliged” for anything, and make it your duty to meet up. Stop dating the person if you no longer find him/her attractive. If you are true to yourself, may be you stick to the person, who you have a lot o admiration and respect for. For these are sustainable qualities in a human being. If you meet a man who satisfies your needs and desires, see him by all means. If he fails, then he is dating a loser. Remember Loser is not a derogatory word. There are enough excellent losers in the world who date, marry and live happily ever after. Loser is a person who is not RIGHT FOR YOU.

Do a constant review of the relationship, if its working for you or not. A man is a keeper during every single date, till he is a throwback. You should relax because you are merely dating, not entering the commitment arena yet. A man becomes a throwback as soon as he stops meeting your requirements for a long, committed relationship.

For a meaningful relationship that is near-perfect, look for a keeper. And the way to go about it is, first, lose the losers. Be fussy and choosy till you find one.

The Unruly Judge

G ambling was both legal and wide open in Albuquerque. Town authorities relied heavily on the sale of saloon licenses and fines imposed for disturbances at the gambling tables to help maintain the municipal government. As towns sprouted in the 19th-century American West-outside Army forts, at river crossings along wagon trails, in mining districts and at railheads-some of the first structures built were recreational facilities. Recreation for the almost totally male population inevitably meant Three-W vices of the frontier-whiskey, whoring and wagering.

Since no stigma was attached to games of chance, distinguished pillars of the community indulged openly. One prominent gambling addict was the town’s leading magistrate, Judge William C. Heacock. He could be found most nights whiling away his time dealing three-card Monte in his favorite Albuquerque saloon Dealers banked their own games. If they made money, it was theirs. If they lost, it was out of their own pocket. Judge Heacock loved playing three-card Monte in the backroom of a saloon in Albuquerque, New Mexico. He also presided over Albuquerque’s night court, which he opened and closed at his own discretion. When the judge suffered a bad losing streak, he called in a town deputy and said, “Get me a drunk with money in his pockets that is guilty of disorderly conduct.” Judge Heacock’s widow told an interviewer of one incidence in which the judge ran out of money. Deputies were dispatched to find a drunk. The deputies soon returned carrying a limp man between them. “What the Hell?” asked the judge? “What’s that you got? “Your honor,” replied a deputy, as he laid his burden on the floor, “we found him in the back room of the Blue Indigo.” “Can he stand trial or is he dead drunk?” asked the judge. “He’s not drunk, but he’s dead all right. He croaked himself over there in the Blue Indigo and the proprietor insisted we get him out of there.” This annoyed the judge. “Didn’t the fools ever hear of an inquest?” he asked. Heacock had sent for a lucrative drunk, not a drooling suicide. The judge turned to his deputies. “This court is a court of justice. The right of habeas corpus must not be ignored. The prisoner must be given a speedy and fair trial. This court is ready to hear evidence. What is the charge?” “Your Honor,” said a deputy, “The charge has not yet been determined.” “This court will hear no case without a charge. Did you search the prisoner?” “There was a letter to some dame-“began the deputy.” “Any money?” The deputy counted out $27.32. “Any weapons?”

A deputy produced a gun found in the dead man’s hip pocket. “Has the prisoner anything to say before sentence is imposed upon him?” The judge cocked his ear toward the dead prisoner, listening for a response. “In view of the unresponsiveness of the prisoner, which this court interprets as contempt, and in view of the unlawful possession of a lethal weapon, this court imposes a fine of $20.00 and court costs,” pronounced the judge. “You might as well leave him there till morning,” the judge instructed his deputies, pocketing the money. The judge returned to his Monte game in the saloon below with enough money to continue dealing. His wife remembered well enough the shack she and Judge Heacock lived in-you couldn’t call it a house-for there weren’t any real houses in Albuquerque in those days. The shack was on South Second Street where it was replaced by the Crystal Beer Garden. It was a dusty spot and she wanted her husband to buy a little land near Robinson Park where there were a few trees and a pump. She would have been satisfied with a one-room house and a tent there, she said, but her husband said a house built on that spot would sink into the quicksand in no time. “He had no eye for business,” she said. “He knew just one thing-the law.” Mrs. Heacock recalled one night in the 1890s when she heard shots as she was clearing the supper table. She ran to the door to see what was happening. Her husband, the judge, called her back, telling her the safest thing to do was to lie on the floor. The cowboys had no desire to kill, but it was safer to keep out of the way of their bullets.” On one occasion, a cowboy killed a child. The cowboy was drunk and was looking for black cats to shoot. He was horrified when he realized what he had done. The townspeople hung him as an example in order to make Albuquerque safe for their children. Judge Heacock, who prosecuted the case, was so upset when the man was hung he refused thereafter to serve except as a defense lawyer.

In an interview Mrs. Heacock said they used to do funny things in Albuquerque, many of them in the name of justice. She told of a well-dressed stranger coming to town from the East. He rode a “hack” to the hotel on First Street and was paying his fare when two big deputies arrested him for being a suspicious character. “He was too well-dressed and they needed money for the city that day,” recalled Mrs. Heacock. In another instance, Judge Heacock sent El Fago Baca to his own jail for a month. The judge was low on funds and dispatched his deputies to find a drunk for the night court. When they tried to arrest Jesus Romero, a friend of Elfego Baca’s, Mr. Baca objected and hit one of the policemen over the head with his huge silver watch. Coincidentally, the injured man was one of Albuquerque’s favorite policemen. When the crowd saw him lying unconscious, they assisted the other deputy in escorting Mr. Baca to night court. Deputy Romero was completely forgotten. “Drunken and disorderly conduct” was the charge against Baca, who vehemently denied the allegation. “You’re crazy,” said Elfego. “Silence,” bellowed the judge. The judge wanted to delay matters until a night sergeant could check Elfego’s pockets and find out how much money he had. “I know exactly how much I’ve got,” Elfego blared at the sergeant. “$18.19. If you count a nickel less you’ll get yours later and good and plenty.” “Shut up!” said the judge, trying to assume a judicial dignity. “Well, wait and see,” replied Elfego amiably. “Guilty or not guilty” asked the court. “Not guilty!” said Elfego, “and you all know it damn well!” “Thirty days or ten dollars and costs,” said the judge. “I suppose ten dollars and costs are $17.19,” said Elfego. “You ain’t going to pull that stuff on me. I’ll take the thirty days.” A deputy escorted him to the jail in Old Town, where, unbeknownst to the judge, Elfego had recently been appointed jailer. The name of E. Baca was signed into the record and Elfego Baca received the regular seventy-five cents a day for the feeding of the prisoner. At the end of the month, Elfego was $22.50 richer for his encounter with Judge Heacock’s night court.

Seven Myths About Male Infidelity I Wish I Knew When I Found Out My Husband Was Cheating

1. Only jerks have affairs.

In fact, the opposite is true in most situations. One thing we hear often from betrayed wives is that others would be extremely shocked if they knew of their husband’s affair. Most often it’s the quintessential nice guy who has an affair. He is the guy that helps everyone out in the neighborhood and at work and is also a pillar in his church or synagogue. The guy who no one would believe would do this sort of thing. It’s usually their ‘good guy’ nature that gets them into the affair in the first place. Since they are naturally kind and thoughtful, affairs most often start when the married man is helping or being kind to the other woman upon meeting her.

 

2. Men who have affairs don’t love their wife.

In most affair situations the married man is still very much in love with his wife (and she with him) and has no intention of leaving his wife or family for the other woman. Married men who find themselves in affairs often find out after the affair is discovered, and they are uncovering the layers of their dysfunction with a therapist, that they have an uncanny ability to compartmentalize. This means they are able to keep the different parts of their lives in separate compartments in their mind. The wife and family are in one compartment and the other woman and the affair are in another. By keeping them separated in his mind he’s able to avoid guilt and shame and continue to love his wife and still carry on with the other woman because the two don’t cross over in his mind at all.

 

3. Men have affairs with women who are prettier, younger, smarter or thinner than their wives.

It’s often believed that a man will chose an affair partner that is superior to the betrayed wife. In most situations it’s just the opposite. Men will often “affair down” by choosing an affair partner that is much less in all areas than his wife. There is a deficiency to begin with. A woman who has it all together has no need to settle for less. She wouldn’t tolerate being a dirty secret in someone’s life. So where does the attraction come from? It initially comes from the other woman being different in some way than the wife. It can be that she’s more outgoing where the wife is reserved or a career woman and the wife is a stay at home mom. The deficiencies in the other woman are overlooked because of the allure of having something different that is available and willing. The actual seduction comes from ego strokes from the other woman in casual conversation. Eventually, the sexual attraction blooms from explicit and open sexual talk from the other woman or by her allowing the married man to do so. This opens the door to forbidden sex. 

 

Most men will tell you after the affair is discovered and they have time to come out of what is often referred to as “the fog”, that they weren’t so much in love with the other woman as much as they were in love with how they made them feel. The other woman will often strategically get clues on the married man’s dissatisfaction with his wife and marriage and will morph herself into the direct opposite. For example, if a man says his wife nags too much or is too controlling, the other woman will make a point to never ask questions or ask for him to do or be anything other than what he is in the moment – often at the expense of her own wishes and desires.

 

For many married men there is an unconscious element where they will select women who won’t compete in their own mind with their wives. Women they know they couldn’t love but can certainly lust for.

 

4. Men leave their wives for the other woman or wind up with the other woman once the affair is discovered and a divorce ensues.

Truth is, only about three percent of men who have affairs ever wind up with the affair partner. Again, the affair partner is often not the type of woman he wants to have as a life partner. Sex partner, yes; life partner, no. So even when discovery winds up in divorce the other woman is often dumped, and most often abruptly, as she becomes an icon for his shameful behavior that brought all that he loved and cherished to ruin.

 

5. Men are fully conscious of what they are doing and of all the consequences when they have affairs.

Most affairs are just a different form of addiction. Like people who are substance abusers or have a gambling addiction, affairs become a secret world of deception and take on a life of their own in the same way any other addiction takes hold. Men get into affairs and often find themselves in situations where they can see the destruction in it but don’t know how to stop it. And if they do stop it they are often drawn back into it just as in any other addiction. It’s not the person they are addicted to, it’s the ego strokes, the forbidden sex and the world of illusion where there are none of the demands of everyday life.  It’s an escape from reality, just like an alcoholic or crack addict. And just like other addictions, the abuser loses their objectivity and ability to see the destruction they are creating. They build walls of denial and deceit which often take years to dismantle. When caught, most men will say they never expected anyone to get hurt because they never expected to get caught. In other words, they never considered the consequences of what would happen if they were caught.

 

6. Men actively seek out affair partners.

Most men don’t actively seek out affairs or affair partners. Not on a conscious level at least.  They really do “just happen”, or at least in their minds they do. What they don’t realize at the time is how vulnerable they are to the attention of another woman. They don’t realize how damaged their self esteem is  and when a woman comes around and begins to posture herself in the role of confidant with a smattering of ego strokes, men who are out of touch with their own emotional health will bite hard on the bait. In return the married man will shower attention on the other woman who has little to no self esteem. With both sides feeding the ego beast the affair soon begins. This explains why we see so many successful men risk it all on an affair. Men are taught by our society that it’s weak to examine and be in touch with their feelings. Climbing the ladder of success or just getting through the demands of everyday life can trigger chain reactions of emotions from the past and present. When those emotions get stuffed there is an insidious decline in self esteem and self value.  Once it hits a certain threshold men begin looking for an escape from their reality without even knowing they’re looking.

 

You will often hear from the married man and the other woman that they didn’t plan for this to happen and that it “just happen”. It didn’t really. There is almost a formulaic process each affair is born from. It all stems from lack of self esteem on both sides, unaddressed emotional issues and a yearning to escape reality. Unfortunately the escape is often out of the frying pan and into the fire of delusion, denial and addiction.

 

7. Most marriages end when an affair is discovered.

There are really no statistics on this as most couples choose to keep the infidelity secret if they are going to reconcile. We see a great deal of these “kept in secret” marriages reconciling at Infidelity Mavens and feel that there is a very high percentage of marriages that reconcile after an affair is discovered. In fact, marriages can not only be repaired, but they can be better than ever after an affair. If the spouse having the affair is open and willing to let truth prevail and give up their “addiction”, the marriage has a fighting chance. There are many more steps to getting to “better than ever”, but in the very beginning, the openness and willingness in both the wayward spouse and the betrayed spouse to reconcile makes a huge difference.ont>

How to Make Money at Roulette With the Labouchere System

This is a betting system that has been around for many years and used with varying degrees of success by generations of gamblers it’s is also known as the cancellation method. It is a system that is applied to even money outcomes, for example red or black in roulette. One man, Norman Leigh, even claims to have broken several casinos in Nice during the 60’s with a reverse Labouchere system.

The system is relatively easy system to learn and apply. Firstly you need to write yourself a list of single digit numbers, they need not be sequential. For this article we will use the numbers 1, 3, 3, 2, 6, 4, 3, 6 . The amount you get when all the numbers are added together is the total you are looking to win, in this case $28 – The key is not to be too greedy and pick a selection of small numbers. The player then stakes the sum of the first and the last digit on the list, for our list that would be $7. If only one number remains then this is the amount that is staked. If the bet is won then both numbers are crossed off the list. If the bet is lost then the amount lost is added to the end of the list.

The theory behind this system works like this. The player crosses off 2 numbers every time he wins and adds only one every time he loses. Therefore you only need your color to come in 33% of the time. The odds of winning on a red/black bet are just over 47% (not 50% because of the green 0) so on the surface it would seem like you are on to a winner here. The major problems you will come across will be either your bank roll and/or the table limits. For example, using our numbers above, if your result sequence was to go win, loss, loss, loss, loss then your then you would have won $14 with your first bet and then lost 6+9+12+15. So you would have won $14 but lost $42 and your next 50/50 bet will need to be a further $18 and seeing as you were only going to win $28 to start with the risk would be considered too high for some.

There are 2 keys to this system either not be too greedy, pick a small selection of low numbers and work from there or to find a table online or off line that allows you to bet large amounts of money and make sure you have the bank roll to support you.

In short there are numerous systems to apply when gambling, none are 100% efficient if they were we’d all be doing them and the casinos would have closed down a long time ago. However, good betting systems and structured wagers will, if nothing else, give a feeling of security to your bets. Always set yourself a win and loss limit and never gamble with money you can’t afford to lose.

Cooper’s Law – 14 Easy to Follow Rules to Make Money From Horse Racing

Betting on tri-casts seems an improbable means to punting profit, but professional backer Paul Cooper used it to win nearly £400,000 on a series of bets at Thirsk.

Cooper was one of the first to capitalize on the fact that horses drawn high seemed to have a pronounced advantage over the straight sprint course at Thirsk. There are a number of tracks around the country where, in soft ground, a particular draw can prove an enormous asset, but at Thirsk the same was true on fast going. It appears that the inadequacies of the course watering system left a strip of ground under the stand rails ‘un-sprinkled’ which was significantly faster than the rest of the track. By betting the five or six highest draw numbers – those most likely to grab the favoured ground – Cooper was able to pull off a series of major coups.

‘I was hooked on betting at a very young age,’ admits Cooper. ‘But even then I knew that you had to be in control of it – otherwise it would control you.’

During the 1970’s, the ITV Seven was introduced. It immediately caught Cooper’s eye. ‘One of my first wagers was a £1.90 bet which won over £800. I was in business! A couple of years later, I collected £13,365 on a £3 accumulator and I was really on my way.’ Cooper is still fascinated by multiple bets – the prospect of huge returns for a small outlay – and believes serious punters should not treat them in such a cavalier fashion.

‘The Lucky 15 is a value bet.- it is a Yankee that also has four win singles, and the different bookies offer a variety of bonuses and consolations. For instance, if only one of your selections wins, you may get double the odds. So just one 7/1 winner virtually guarantees your money back.’

Cooper’s penchant for what Barney Curley calls ‘miracle bets’ is not his only apparent similarity with the man in the street. Like all betting shop regulars, he is irresistibly drawn to competitive handicaps where they bet 6/1 the field – but he hits the target far more often.

Cooper insists that studying trainers is the key to his whole business operation. The fact that, as an owner, he has chosen to have horses trained by Barry Hills, Jimmy Fitzgerald and Robert Williams gives a clue to the men he most respects in the game.’ ‘There are certainly some trainers I much prefer to back,’ he says. ‘What I really look for is someone who is perhaps underestimated and as a result their horses start at bigger prices than they should do.’

So what can we learn from the fastidious, immaculately turned-out Mr Cooper? Well, here are his 7 great Do’s and Don’ts, known as “Cooper’s Law!”

Cooper’s Law – Dos

1: Do stay cool, calm and collected when making a selection, and don’t go in head down. Weigh up all the possibilities and then have the nerve to go through with it.

2: Do bet only when you are getting good value and shop around for the best early prices.

3: Do back horses that have winning form. Shy away from maidens – the form is unpredictable and unproven.

4: Do bet in sprints. The form is often more reliable than in longer distance flat races.

5: Do find a small, competent yard to follow; because it isn’t fashionable, you’ll almost certainly get a value price on their horses.

6: Do look at horses in the paddock, especially in the spring and autumn. You can usually discard quite a few which are obviously not ready or are showing all the signs of a hard season.

7: Do bet within your means. Reduce your stakes when having a bad run – and increase them when things are going well.

Cooper’s Law – Avoid

1: Don’t get drunk or mix alcohol with betting. You need your wits about you to pick winners and to deal objectively with losing.

2: Don’t back short-priced favorites. The returns simply isn’t good enough, and let’s face it, they often get turned over anyway.

3: Don’t chase your losses. There’s always another day.

4: Don’t bet heavily when there’s been a sudden change in the going.

5: Don’t back out of form trainers or stables or jockeys carrying overweight.

6: Don’t back heavily at Chester. The tight track is a law unto itself.

7: Don’t bet in races over 18 runners. This is when the horses will split into two or more groups, effectively making it two or three different races.

Frequency Filters And Pick 3 Lottery and Pick 4 Lottery Games

If you are a Pick 3 lottery or Pick 4 lottery player, have you noticed how helpful your local State Lottery Official Websites have become by offering free information to help players find winning numbers? Some Official State Lottery sites are offering software capabilities to allow players find lucky lottery numbers to play. A recent web surfing adventure took me to the Official Delaware Lottery Website. This lottery website offers lottery players an ongoing updated frequency list of Pick 3 digits and Pick 4 digits that have been drawn. This frequency list is updated automatically after each drawing. The frequency filter based on the history of all drawn lottery numbers in each lottery game indicates to the players which of the ten digits – 0 to 9 – have been drawn the most times and the least times, and ranks all ten digits from most drawn to least drawn by actual number of drawings and the related percentages.

This frequency filter is used by Pick 3 systems and Pick 4 systems, particularly in software programs, to assist lottery players to produce the most effective list of potential numbers to play and win. By knowing that certain digits are drawn more than others lead to the belief that these more potent digits will increase one’s chances to win by playing these better performing digits. Mathematicians using the typical bell curve analysis suggest that in time all numbers, except in the case a technical bias created with a particular drawing system, should be drawn an equal amount of times. Generally, the overall number spread in random drawings is very small in the big picture of total draws. What is the real significance of the percentage of.003663 between the most drawn digit and the least drawn digit as in the case of the Delaware Play 3 game based on 186/50,778 drawings? It is similar to an 80 year old man saying to a 35 year old man, “In the history of mankind, we are about the same age.” The actual percentage by count is 10.1816% for the most drawn digit and 9.8153% for the least drawn digit.

Can a barely noticeable blip on the radar screen of positive numbers really make any real significance for the lottery player in choosing to play one digit over another? The Delaware Play 4 frequency chart wasn’t much different. It produced a.003246 difference between the most drawn digit and the least drawn digit out of a total number of 61,300 drawings. Based on this presented data found on the Official Delaware State Lottery website, are the resultant percentage differences of the digits significant enough to create a real choice for lottery players? Can frequency charts in general make any difference at all when using the total number of drawings from day one of the particular lottery game, either Pick 3 lottery or Pick 4 lottery, when the difference is reduced as low as three one thousandth of a percent of the total drawings?

Like looking for a needle in a haystack, splitting hairs as thin as these numbers suggest, choosing one digit over another, particularly in the middle range of the bell curve, makes it even more of an impossible task for even the most dedicated and committed lottery players who are willing to spend time in their research to find the next winning Pick 3 number or Pick 4 number to play.